Whether you want to replace an old HVAC system or you’re installing a new system in your home, you want a system that best suits your needs. But how do you know which system to choose?
When designing a heat pump system it is important to understand:
The heating and cooling requirements of your home. This is a calculation that takes into consideration elements of your home such as window type, sun exposure, insulation, and building materials.
The floor plan of your home, including space usage. This means, taking the homes size and maximizing the efficiency of equipment, and providing temperature control to you, the homeowner.
In this article, we’re going to discuss the three types of HVAC systems with their accompanying pros and cons to help you choose what best suits your needs. They include the split, duct-free, and packaged HVAC systems.
These are the most common residential HVAC systems. There are two pieces of equipment, each required for heating during the chilly winters and cooling during the scorching summer. The term “split” is used because one piece of equipment will be found outside, and one piece of equipment will be found inside. In other words the 2 pieces of equipment are split to provide you cooling in the summer and heating in the winter. The outdoor unit (also known as a condensing unit) PRODUCES heating and cooling year round, it uses refrigerant to transfer the heat to the indoor unit. The indoor unit DISTRIBUTES the heat and the cool throughout the home. The indoor unit may be placed in your basement or crawl space, but there are many suitable areas within your home that the unit can be placed in.
Typically split systems use a “backup” or “auxiliary” heat source which is used when the outdoor temp dips below approx -5 C or when the system goes into defrost. The backup heat is typically electrical or natural gas and is part of the indoor equipment. These systems can add accessories such as ultraviolet air purifiers and humidifiers that keep the air clean and maintain a high level of indoor air quality (IAQ).
Though the indoor unit is quiet, the outdoor unit does produce some noise. This system is known as a central ducted split heat pump system and is controlled by a single thermostat which is centrally located.
Duct Free System OR Ductless
Also referred to as mini-split, it’s a unique system comes with its measure of benefits including the ability to have independent control of each room’s temperature, known as zone control. This system adapts itself well for maintaining different comfort levels in various areas of a home, meaning the bedroom areas can be kept at one temperature.
Businesses also benefit from this system as it provides each workspace or room independent temperature control. Typically, the unit is mounted on interior walls and is attached to an outdoor unit (condensing unit). One outdoor unit can have as many as five indoor units connected to it.
This independent control feature makes them perfect for small homes, hotels, venues, and tenant apartments. They conserve energy because they will only heat or cool the space that is required.
Packaged Heating and Cooling
These systems have both the heating and cooling units packaged in one box, making them space savers. This single component is located outside; hence no space is required indoors. Nevertheless, it may be placed on rooftops or adjacent to the home and have the air distribution or ductwork connected to it. Its minimalist design allows storage within the house. The packaged unit also has less upfront cost. This system operates the same as the split system with the main difference being that there is no indoor component, but is controlled by a single temperature control.
Where to Get the Right HVAC System
Get a ducted or duct-free HVAC system from Coastal Heat Pumps. We have extensive experience specializing in heat pumps and ensuring that homes are comfortable all year round. We not only install but service HVAC systems. We have also partnered with great manufacturers like Fujitsu, Samsung and Carrier to provide the exact system you need to make your home incredibly comfortable. Get in touch nowto book a free in-home or virtual estimate and get expert advice on what HVAC ducted or duct-free system will work in your home.